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Mobility, exchange networks and technocultural transfers in southern Central Asia during the Bronze Age
Besides increasing social complexity, the Bronze Age in Central Asia is marked by a high degree of multiculturalism due to the movement and intermingling of several groups, whether mobile or sedentary, such as the Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex/Oxus civilisation or the so-called Andronovo Cultural Community. Crucial aspects in question for understanding this period and the later Iron Age concern the infiltration of populations from the North, the ensuing sociocultural interactions and their consequences for the diverse groups settled in southern Central Asia. Yet, the mobile populations are almost unknown outside their region of origin, a factor that represents one of the most substantial limitations to this issue.
The multi-scaled project developed by Elise Luneau, granted by the Deutsche Forschunggemeinschaft, thus aims to provide new data by taking into account all of the populations cohabiting during the Bronze Age, in the search for clues to multicultural processes, by using modern methods that are as yet pioneer work in this area and for these populations.
The collaboration with Archaïos is focused on the elaboration of the Geographical Information System for the surveys carried out in two key areas of Uzbekistan (Nuratau mountains) and Tajikistan (Hissar Valley), as well as the management of the spatial analysis. The objective of the collaboration is to map the forms of occupation of the Bronze Age populations in all ecological niches and to highlight the settlement patterns.
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